Hand papermaking terms

Sometimes, the individual sheet is rolled to flatten, harden, and refine the surface. In the long run your sheet will be weaker because the hydrogen bonds are not formed with the same level of pressure as a traditional pressing method.

In photography and platemaking, a system consisting of a photographic emulsion on which a negative is produced, and a receiver sheet on which a positive of the image is transferred during processing.

Materials added in small amounts to facilitate dispersion of a pigment into a liquid medium; also, wetting agents. Titling[ edit ] Early books did not have titles on their spines; rather they were shelved flat with their spines inward—as is still common in Republic of South Africa[ according to whom?

An aqueous coating usually gives a gloss, dull, or matte finish and helps prevent the underlying ink from rubbing off. The color stations are moved in to the central impression cylinder for printing and are arranged around its circumference. The translation of an original photograph or other artwork into separate plates for four-color printing.

Whitening dusting is usually evidenced in the first printing units, as the result of loose pigment coming off or out of the sheet surface. The fairly damp fibre is then dried using a variety of methods, such as vacuum drying or simply air drying.

A pressure relief valve added to coffee pouches to allow natural unwanted gasses to be vented whilst maintaining the freshness of the coffee. Also, the adjusting of the type size to make it fit in a given amount of space.

Couch It! Papermaking Tutorial for Embedding Materials

Remove the mould to reveal your newly layered sheet of paper. Albumin Paper A coated paper used in photography; the coating is made of albumen egg whites and ammonium chloride.

Paper size

Automatic Packaging System Term applicable to any one of several available systems for open mouth and valve bag packaging where bags are automatically applied to filler spout, filled, weighed, closed if open mouthpalletized, and shrink wrapped.

An instrument for measuring color the way the eye sees color. Hue of a subtractive primary and a 4-color process ink. It reflects or transmits blue and green light and absorbs red light.

Ink Additive Display type: In photography, chemically reducing halftone dots to vary the amount of color to be printed.

Papermaking Terms

A short, straight, fairly smooth randomly located cut caused by passage through the Calender of an oversized fibre or shive imbedded in the web of paper. Some of the more common materials for covers are leatherdecorative paperand cloth see also: Cotton This is the action of transferring sheets of newly formed paper from hand moulds to felt blankets.

In Europepapermaking moulds using metallic wire were developed, and features like the watermark were well established by CE, while hemp and linen rags were the main source of pulp, cotton eventually taking over after Southern plantations made that product in large quantities.

Random spots of excess coating on the coated surface. A Calender cut which is cm Ft in length with no evidence of pucker-wrinkles. If the paper still seems too wet to be transferred to a restraint drying system, switching out wet felts for dry felts will help absorb excess water.

In either case, one of the modern standard for conservation and restoration is "reversibility". Usually a pivoted gate or valve used to control the flow of air or other gases, as in the dryer. The goal of restoration is to return the book to a previous state as envisioned by the restorer, often imagined as the original state of the book.

Also called an aroma valve as it allows you to smell the product through the valve.


The characteristic of stretch film which makes it stick to itself. The amount of slip exhibited when one surface is dragged against an adjacent surface. When trapping color closing the open spaces in a graphic to be filled with another color. Ronald Reagan therefore had the US government switch to regular Letter size, which is both half an inch longer and wider.

Printing by plateless imaging systems that are imaged by digital data from prepress systems. A cut caused by a winder crack. A watch-like instrument used to measure concentricity, run-on, deflection, and relative position of mechanical components.

Though the term signature technically refers to the signature marktraditionally a letter or number printed on the first leaf of a section in order to facilitate collation, the distinction is rarely made today.

The process of creating a digital copy of an illustrated or photographic image. It is harder to restore leather books typically because of the fragility of the materials. A narrow or slender typeface. Milking can result from the softening of a coated paper surface by the first printing unit s fountain solution, and only be evidenced in the later or last printing unit.

Keller had invented the machine and associated process to make use of wood pulp in papermaking. The process of creating a three dimensional 3D item from a flat sheet of paper.Papermaking starch that has been processed generally by oxidation, to achieve lower viscosity or chemical characteristics which are beneficial in use as an additive in papermaking.

Moisture Content The amount of moisture or water in a sheet of paper, expressed in percent. 6 to 7% is desirable. Hand Papermaking has members.


Hand Papermaking, open to those who make paper by hand. Term Definition ; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY (Electrostatic Copyin: A process (such as xerography) which uses either an intermediate photosensitive plate or drum or a coated take-off sheet which can be electrically charged to attract an imaging agent (toner)) to only the charged areas of the intermediary or to the take-off copy.

Nov 13,  · Making watermarks in hand papermaking can be simple. They add depth and dimension and provide added creativity to your work in hand papermaking. For more information please visit: http. Abrasion: Scuffing or wearing of a part against its package or vice joeshammas.comng of a package against external surfaces.

Glossary of Flexible Packaging Terms

The damage caused by friction such as rubbing, scuffing, or scratching. Abrasion marks: Marks on a photographic print or film appearing as streaks or scratches, caused by the condition of the joeshammas.com be partially.

Paper/Print: American Hand Papermaking, s to Today, traces the development of hand papermaking as an artistic medium in the United States, both in conjunction with printmaking and in its own right, with over 65 other artists who have made outstanding work in the medium, from the s to today.

Representing a multitude of artistic Location: West 26th Street, 5A New York, NY, United States.

Hand papermaking terms
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